Two or More Works in the Same Parentheses: When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list, separated by a semi-colon. Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: If you have two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list.
Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Personal Communication: For interviews, letters, e-mails, and other person-to-person communication, cite the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list.
If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses. Note: When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading.
Note that in some electronic sources, like Web pages, people can use the Find function in their browser to locate any passages you cite.
Research Help: Search this Guide Search. Use the navigation on the left to learn more.
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- MLA Citation Style: How to cite a chapter in your essay?
- Referencing and bibliographies!
Beins Call Number: BF B Beins; Bernard C. M54 To demonstrate you have considered others' research. To direct readers to additional information. To establish credibility as a careful researcher. To show professional honesty and courtesy. In-text references How you cite a working within your document varies depending on your writing style, whether you are quoting your source directly, and the type of source you are quoting.
Here are some examples of in-text citations: Short quotations If you are directly quoting from a work, include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference preceded by "p. Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. Citing an Author or Authors Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work.
3 Ways to Cite an Article Inside of a Book - wikiHow
Research by Wegener and Petty supports Kernis et al. Use double quotation marks for title of an article, a chapter, or a web page. Use italics for title of a periodical, a book, a brochure or a report. Three to five authors : Include all authors' last names the first time the citation is used. If you use the same citation again within the same paragraph, use only the first last name followed by 'et al'.
Citing Sources -- APA
If you used the citation again omit the year. Spell out the name in full the first time and abbreviate subsequent times only if abbreviation is well known. When quoting always provide author, year and specific page citation or paragraph number for nonpaginated material. Cite the source immediately after the close of the quotation marks. Translator Surname, A. Place of publication: Publisher.
Cottrell, S. The study skills handbook 2nd ed. Author, A.
How to Cite a Chapter in MLA 7
Book title: Subtitle 3rd ed. Book title: Subtitle 4th ed. Book title: Subtitle B. TranslatorSurname, Trans. Place of Publication: Publisher. Original work published YEAR. TranslatorSurname , Trans. Durufle, P.
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What's wrong with the Rhine? Weaver, Trans. Flaubert Ed.
Edited Books: With Chapter Authors
New York, NY: Bantam. Book title: Subtitle. Note: For an edited anthology of original works, use the same format as chapters in edited books. In this example the editor is also the translator. Freud, S. Heredity and the aetiology of the neuroses. Strachey Ed. London, UK: Vintage. Original work published For an entry in a reference work with no author, place the title of the entry in the author position see ebooks with URL below. If the author and and the publisher are the same replace the publisher's name with the word Author, i. American Psychological Association.
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed.
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